Friday, August 28, 2020

For this assignment please write a one page letter to the editor Essay

For this task please compose a one page letter to the editorial manager. Cutoff your letter to 250 words and compose on a topical issue, that is, one you find significant, fascinating or significant - Essay Example The American constitution is by all accounts under ambush. We presently have a Congress and an official that are endeavoring, effectively, to lead the nation to insolvency so as to void the constitution and draft another in their picture, which will pull back opportunities that the current constitution ensures. As of now, America is experiencing key change vowed to us by President Obama. Our leader, alongside numerous legislators, presently considers the constitution an obstacle in seeking after their plan. I am downcast that a few researchers straightforwardly declare the obsolete idea of the American constitution, in spite of our establishing fathers having built up an alteration procedure in their intelligence. Each American who treasures harmony should be concerned as an ambush is made on their ability to speak freely, strict rights, and the option to protect themselves. There has been a ceaseless attack on our quest for joy by this administration that plans to take from its residents. Every one of that bolsters their thoughts are dreamer thoughts whose end will be the annihilation of the United States. Keep in mind, the best government is what administers the least. Rogers, Donna. â€Å"I have a Dream† To Fundamentally Transform the United States of America. 21 January 2013. Web. 22 February 2013

Saturday, August 22, 2020

An evaluation of the effectiveness of leadership professional Dissertation

An assessment of the adequacy of authority proficient improvement educational program at the U.S. Dealer Marine Academy - Dissertation Example Graduates from this organization prevail inside the field of sea industry and serving successfully as develop and experienced pioneers in the Armed Forces or save charged officials. The training framework is given in timespan of four years. The Program The area of the Academy is Kings Point in New York. The activity of the Academy is encouraged by the Maritime Administration of the Federal Government, which is a U.S. Division of Transportation organization. The program is done in four years, and utilizations a regimental framework to guarantee that sailors get the essential information and abilities, which would concede them a chance of procuring shorewards sea work, creating discipline in vocations, serving in U.S. Military, and turning out to be fruitful pioneers in the public eye. The Regiment of the Academy has a surmised estimation of 950 sailors who speak to every Union state and U.S. Assets and Trust Territories (Capt, 2006). The accomplished understudy body size empowers the accomplishment of a compelling proportion among understudies and instructors. Further, this understudy size portrays the genuine brotherhood that exists in all Regiment individuals. Each calling in the present society is reliant in the nature of instruction, which is accomplished from schools. U.S Merchant Marine Academy embraces the equivalent and guarantees that the nature of instruction gave in the school is sound. The scholastic program of the Academy guarantees that all sailors get specific and quality preparing so as to become dealer marine officials, in U.S. who are authorized. This happens since the foundation holds fast to the International Convention on Training Standards and Watch saving for Seafarers and Certification (STCW) of 1978 including the related corrections to STCW Code (Catalog, 2011, p. 6). The certifying of the Academy’s educational program is completed by Middle States Association of Schools and Colleges (Catalog, 2011, p. 6). This educational plan ha s the capacity of guaranteeing that every sailor gets the necessary advanced degree vital for the achievement of a bachelor’s certificate in science. There are barely any universities, which can possibly give a wide scope of accreditations to their training graduates. Sailors who are tried out the Academy wind up being tested both genuinely and mentally. This happens since the scholarly program for the Academy is requesting and the regimental framework is thorough. Understudies discover first year arduous as they experience a progress from being alumni of secondary school to Academy sailor (Kumar, 2008). The presentation of first year includes broad learning of new terms, how to embrace successful methods for time the executives, how to work while under tension, and the perseverance quality. As sailors enter the second and third year, they are set up for useful preparing. This preparation happens when the sailors go to the ocean so as to increase viable preparing on shipboard . This preparation furnishes the shipmen with experience on mariner’s condition, just as aptitudes on the most proficient method to attempt activities all alone and acting naturally dependent (Kumar, 2008). The last year includes guaranteeing that the sailors have the capacity of adjusting the abilities and experience gained from class, just as the useful introduction at the ocean. This guides in

Friday, August 21, 2020

Myths And Reality Of Crime Essay

a. Envision requesting that 100 outsiders depict a lawbreaker. Foresee whether those depictions would probably concentrate on road crooks, or the assortment of points canvassed in this video. With everything that’s going on these days I would state that it’s a mix of both, in spite of the fact that almost certainly, those 100 outsiders will pick the road hoodlums. A great many people don’t know a lot about the cushy or corporate wrongdoings until it occurs and possibly on the grounds that it something that influences them or they think will later on. b. Depict how society characterizes wrongdoing. Try not to give a definition †rather, clarify how the definition is reached. Society characterizes wrongdoing in various manners. What that mean is a few people consider wrongdoing to be somebody who abuses the law. Executing, taking and assaulting somebody are a portion of the things that individuals and society characterizes as a wrongdoing conduct that disregards law. It very well may be characterized through laws, through legitimate police reports of wrongdoing, or through exploitation reviews of people who have been engaged with wrongdoing yet maybe not associated with the police division. c. Examine how society chooses what to characterize as a wrongdoing. Society concludes that wrongdoing is characterized as an unlawful demonstration that to the state is deserving of prison time. Society additionally feels that wrongdoing present day criminal law doesn't have a basic or all around definition with regards to lawbreakers, in spite of the fact that there have been various definitions that a few people have been utilizing for quite a long time that they accept is type of wrongdoing. The most well known thing that individuals see as a wrongdoing is if it’s pronounced by an important and material law. Another way that society characterizes wrongdoing is that a when an offense is a demonstration that’s destructive not exclusively to a unique individual yet in addition to a the network, society and the state as what they might suspect is an open wrong. d. Present a reasonable proclamation about a specific wrongdoing, something we know to be completely evident. Represent how we realize this is a precise proclamation. The Atlanta Child Murders, known as the â€Å"missing and killed kids cases was murders that was submitted in my home province of Atlanta, Georgia, starting in the mid year of 1979 and going on until the spring of 1981. Over the two-year time frame there were 28 African-American kids, youths and grown-ups that were killed. During this time numerous guardians were watching out for their youngsters or simply maintaining them inside in control to protect them. I know since I was one of those youngsters who had their folks keep them inside during that time. We were just permitted outside to go to class, and our folks strolled us to and from the transport each day to ensure that we were sheltered. Schools were additionally playing it safe as well; either keeping the understudies in the schools or ensuring that no kid was disregarded. It has been said that a local of Atlanta, Wayne Williams, who was 23 years of age when the last kid was killed was captured and sentenced for two of the gro wn-up murders. It is help that the killings began on July 21, 1979 with the keep going being on March 12, 1981. In 1979, Edward Hope Smith and Alfred Evans were both 14 and vanished four days separated. It was said that they were the primary casualties with the last casualty being a multi year old named Nathaniel Cater. e. Present a case of a generally held fantasy or misinterpretation about wrongdoing and society. Decide how we realize this is a fantasy. Clarify why this legend is so hard to desert. Fantasy 1: Mass killers snap and execute aimlessly. That’s false. What I have discovered is that Mass killings cautiously plan out their assaults, months ahead of time. Fantasy 2: Mass shooting are on the ascent With all the acts of mass violence happing today, is it no motivation behind why individuals are stating that mass shootings are on the ascent and individuals needing there to be an answer for the mass killings. Fantasy 3: Violent diversion, for example, computer games and films are connected to mass killings. I accept that there are a few games that can prompt mass homicides. Fantasy 4: Restoring the government prohibition on ambush weapons will forestall these appalling wrongdoings. I feel that when the restriction on military-style attack weapons lapsed in 1994 it ought to have been reestablished. Having this boycott won't stop all the killings yet it can back them off. Legend 5: Increasing physical security in schools and different spots will forestall mass homicides. Albeit expanding security in schools is a smart thought and it being said that it might eliminate the mass homicides that’s going on the planet today, if an amazing needed to kill a huge gathering of individuals he will discover a route around all the assurance that individuals are setting up nowadays, the security won't stop him. References:

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

What to Expect From Research Paper Putline?

What to Expect From Research Paper Putline? A Startling Fact about Research Paper Putline Uncovered You could also see resume outline. An outline is going to be a reminder for you to include all the crucial subtleties in it. Your outline is a handy tool which will help you organize your thoughts before you start your draft. Aside from a report outline and a presentation outline, a research paper outline is among the most frequent types of outlines you're very likely to encounter in any particular field. The Tried and True Method for Research Paper Putline in Step by Step Detail No matter whichever one that you opt to use, you have to be consistent throughout your essay. Without regard to the character of your research, if you're writing a paper an outline can help you to not just organize your thoughts, but in addition act as the template for your whole paper. Do not right justify your whole essay and don't automatically format hyphens if you're utilizing a word processor to type your essay. The MLA format stipulates the vital guidelines for effectively writing an essay based on the MLA standards. All About Research Paper Putline After reading the thesis, there ought to be no doubt precisely what the research will be about. A good deal of students feel the desire to get started writing immediately, although should you speak to any professor out there, they will let you know how an excellent instance of a research paper is always superseded with a terrific plan. Some students simply don't have sufficient knowledge for a definite job. Students who must do part-time jobs discover that it's extremely hard to provide time to writing their research paper outline example. Ok, I Think I Understand Research Paper Putline, Now Tell Me About Research Paper Putline! Your research paper is at least as superior as your outline is. An essential part of any research paper outline is going to be a literature review. You may also get help on the best way t o write research paper outline example at their site. A short and comprehensive research paper outline template might be your guides. Choosing Research Paper Putline For the purpose, the exact same instructions about how to compose a research paper suggest using simple grammar structures, active voice and so forth. Make the reader believe the given paper comprises the handy details on the appropriate problem and matters for the growth of science. You'll also wish to consider utilizing a literature overview. Then you ought to build a case with the aid of logic. You should be aware that there are two outlines, which you might use for your research paper. Specify what you expected at the start of the research and that which you have now. All the ideal research paper examples begin with a great research paper outline. When outlining your research paper, you need to have all your researched materials at hand to make certain that all sub-topics aren't overlooked. A great research paper writing company is a fantastic company that gives students with internet research paper help. Let's consider the components of your research program and the way to compose a structured outline that will permit you to begin a research paper as rapidly and effectively as possible. What Everybody Dislikes About Research Paper Putline and Why You can also state what kind of approach it is you'll use in your paper for the full discussion of your topic. There are a couple tips on how to compose your abstract but the very best advice is that you look at some journals related to your research and attempt to format your abstract in a similar way. In other words, an outline supplies you great aid when you want to combine and assess a research paper, professional report or some other document for the reason that it permits you to see certain links between different areas of writing. A research paper on-line template is among the beneficial tool for writing a researc h topic. The Definitive Strategy for Research Paper Putline What comes next is dependent on the way the work is presented in the true version you're using. Since an outline breaks down the all vital elements of your bit of writing in a very clear and ordered manner to generate the writing process fluent for you, it has to be prepared carefully utilizing all vital data and data. The paper should get off to a good beginning in regard to clarifying unfamiliar information as not to depart from your readers puzzled. For your research paper example to get going, you will need to announce your introduction with few sentences that show what type of research questions you'll be asking.

Friday, May 15, 2020

A Lesson On Life And Love - 1634 Words

A Lesson in Life and Love When I was younger, my dream was to be the girl that everyone knew and looked up to. There wouldn’t be a question as to what my name was, and everyone would be my friend. As I grew up, part of that was accomplished while the other portion, not so much. Through many trials and tribulations, I learned what it mean to actually be a leader, someone who others could look to for advice; someone who could love herself a little more. Throughout my childhood, I didn’t have any friends and I always felt like I was alone in all I did. Because I couldn’t click with my peers, I went to the teachers and tried to find common ground with them. The sad part was, I only got along with them so well because I would grade their papers and I had a high vocabulary for my age, so they understood me, and vise versa. The students, on the other hand, would ridicule me and would completely ostracize me. Many a day was spent inside during recess instead of outside on the playground. In middle school, my days improved a tad. I started to get attention from those around me because I was perceived as the shiny new toy compared to the students from their respective elementary schools. This was until I realized that the relationships I was making were only surface-level. After a few months of being at the new school, I was treated the same way as before. I would chase people, wanting to be their friend and wanting them to like me back. I was always uncomfortable with myself,Show MoreRelatedMy Input on Dog Walking759 Words   |  3 PagesDog Walking I have many jobs, but one that I like in particular is dog walking. I love animals so much, so this job doesnt seem so much like a job, as it does just something I would do for fun on an everyday basis. I walk my neighbors dogs all the time, and I also get paid for doing it. My neighbor has four dogs, and theyre all extremely sweet. Even though this job is fun, I also have to take it very serious at times. This job has taught me a lot about responsibility, and taking controlRead MoreAnalysis Of Mitch Albom s Book I Didn t Expect Much From It 993 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"You exist for a reason.† Cheesy little lessons, right? You find them everywhere, in almost every book like this one. Well, first of all, yes, The Five People You Meet in Heaven did teach you these lessons, and many more, but Albom wove them into the plot in a unique way. Eddie, in an act to save a child, passes in an accident at his workplace, Ruby Pier. Once in Heaven, he is taught five different lessons by five different people who had impacted his life in some way, shape, or form. Some he rememberedRead MoreMy Family Essay1545 Words   |  7 Pagesfamily and the values attached to it have helped shape my life in many ways. I am very close with who I consider my family and the meaning of this could differ from person to person. To me, family consists of people who you love, trust and care for. I also consider some of my friends and teammates in this category as well.   Family and friends, sports, and my health are the main components of my life. These subcultures have helped define my life and have shaped me into the person I am today.  Ã‚  Ã‚   HavingRead MoreThe Alchemist Themes833 Words   |  4 Pagesand dreams are primary themes for Santiago, the main character in the novel, The Alchemist. Throughout the book these themes are represented in his quest to find his purpose in life, achieving his personal legend, and learning to do what he loves. In Santiago’s quest for his purpose in life he discovered some life lessons. He found it is important to follow your dreams, but along the way your plan may turn out different then you thought it would. In The Alchemist the King says, â€Å"When you want somethingRead MoreJasper Jones Essay1443 Words   |  6 Pageslearns a great deal about himself, others, Corrigan and important lessons that will help him live a better life in Jasper Jones. In the novel, Charlie goes through some experiences that teach him some of life’s great lessons. In particular he comes to learn a great deal about trust, love, facing and overcoming fear, role models and racial prejudice. Charlie learns that trust is the most important thing in Corrigan and also his life. Charlie hadn’t ever trusted someone as much as he did Jasper JonesRead MoreThe Little Prince Character Analysis1557 Words   |  7 Pagestheir feelings about adulthood and life in general. There are many resources that help and they are not that hard to find. But none seem to work quite as well as the novel, The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupà ©ry. These lessons taught in the short novel even helped Saint-Exupery’s great nephew improve and learn in his life (Inman). An analysis of The Little Prince shows that there are many lessons to be learned about adulthood and how to better live your life. It teaches children how to be grown-upsRead MoreCritical Analysis Of Tuesdays With Morrie1620 Words   |  7 Pageslife’s greatest lesson. Mitch a student at Brandeis University found a professor that stood out to him: Morrie. Mitch learned new life lessons and advice from him. After graduation Mitch became a busy man working many different jobs, while also getting married to his wife Janine. Mitch forgot many of the lessons that Morrie had taught him. During this time Mitch struggled with relationships and communication within his life. Morrie continued to teach at the University, where his life was full of laughterRead MoreImportance Of Family In Life810 Words   |  4 PagesIn life, many things are important to a human’s existence and worth. The most important aspect in life is family because without family a person would not exist. Family is often described as being the people that have been there through everything. A person’s family is usually the people that brought them into the world but, in some cases a person’s family can be people they aren’t even related to. Throughout this essay the aspects of family are going to be described to inform the reader on why familyRead MoreEssay on Tuesdays with Morrie by Mitch Albon63 9 Words   |  3 Pagesman a young man, and life’s greatest lessons† written by Mitch Albon. The story is about Mitch’s favorite professor from Brandes University, Morrie. Morrie now suffers from ALS, a very cruel disease that disables the body, slowly. Morrie had taught sociology and continues to teach, Mitch â€Å"the meaning of life† and how to accept death and ageing. The book Tuesday with Morrie is home to many interesting themes and in my opinion the most important ones are to â€Å"Love or Perish†, â€Å"acceptance through detachment†Read MoreA Literary Analysis of Three Lessons Learned in Rime of the Ancient Mariner531 Words   |  3 PagesThroughout our lives, we learn many different lessons. Whether it is a lesson learned from your consequences, like doing drugs, or getting a speeding ticket for driving too fast in a school zone, everyone learns lessons in their lives. One lesson that I have learned in particular is when I didnâ⠂¬â„¢t ask permission to go hang out with friends. My parents were both at work, and I couldn’t get contact either of them, so I decided on my own that I should be able to hang out with some friends because I had

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Punitive Model Of Incarceration During The United States

Examining the Punitive Model of Incarceration in the United States and the Changes that Brought It About Collin S. Lahr Ball State University Abstract This paper explores several different sources that cover some aspect of how the United States Penal System went from the Rehabilitative Model to a punitive system. Bryan Stevenson and Betsy Matthews have written about how drug enforcement and the â€Å"War on Drugs† are responsible. Yeoman Lowbrow’s analysis of the crime rate and statistics will be considered alongside Matthews’ analysis of the different political parties’ changing views. The change in United States sentencing practices as a result will also be considered. In the conclusion a brief summary of a predicted future will be†¦show more content†¦(Stevenson, 2011) Alarmed and Dangerous: A Look at Crime in 1970s-80s America by Yeoman Lowbrow analyzes crime in the 1970s and how it was on the rise. Lowbrow states there were 17,190 cases of forcible rape reported in the 1960s. Compare this to the rates from the 1970s and 1980s; 37,990 and 82,990 respectively. He does the same with serial mur derers in the United States. In the 60s there were 19, in the 70s there were 119, and in the 1980s there were 200. (Lowbrow 2014) The online article Corrections, Rehabilitation and Criminal Justice in the United States: 1970-Present blames the Punitive Era on the distrust in our government brought about by the previous decade of civil unrest. After Vietnam, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Attica Prison Riots; America was upset and very distrusting of our government. (Matthews, 2015) Matthews then describes how the Conservatives and Liberals were changing. Conservatives believed that a lenient justice system and the rise of drugs had corrupted our country’s morals. They turned away from rehabilitation and called for much harsher punishments. Liberals believed individualized sentencing had encouraged racism, and they pushed for standardized sentencing and minimal judicial discretion. (Matthews, 2015) â€Å"The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes a nd Consequences† by Jeremy Travis,Show MoreRelatedCorrections: From Rehabilitation to a More Punitive Model Essay1594 Words   |  7 PagesNoori 24 November 2014 Corrections Paper What changes led corrections away from rehabilitation and toward a more punitive model? Since World War II through the 1970s, many changes occurred in the United States correctional systems. Rehabilitation Model is a treatment program that was designed to reform the inmates. According to, â€Å"This model is similar to the medical model; it regards the person with a disability as in need of services from a rehabilitation professional who can provideRead MorePrison Reflection Paper974 Words   |  4 PagesIn this reflection paper, I would like to explain the challenges face by the offenders after release from prisons such as jobs, housing, voting, and more. The article also describes the effect of stigma and punitive punishment on the life of offender after re-entering back into society. Reintegration is the most difficult issue for the correctional system due to the safety of the community and increases chances of recidivism. Reintegration is the process where an offender is prepared to return safelyRead MoreThe Incarceration Of The Correctional System910 Words   |  4 PagesThe correctional system in America is an umbrella term referring to a range of mandates that entails the management, supervision, and rehabilitation of convicted offenders. These mandates are often carried out through incarceration, probation, or parole, while prisons are the most popular correctional agency in America. Prisons in America were among some of the first public buildings established in the New World. Early prisons were not considered â€Å"houses of punishment,† but were rather referred toRead MoreAbstract. Modern Sentencing Practices, Along With A Decreased953 Words   |  4 Pagesplaces them in situations that result in failure. This article examines the state of federal rehabilitation and the medical theory in today s corrections environment. Specifically, the article analyzes the following financial consequences involved with rehabilitation and how it coincides with the medical theory. Rehabilitation Theory Incarceration is the top method for punishment in the United States. Today’s prison system serves as a pit-stop for some offenders, and a long-termRead MoreBenefits Of Treatment For Juvenile Offenders1934 Words   |  8 PagesBenefits of Treatment for Juvenile Offenders Tompkins, Patrice Texas State University The Benefits of Treatment for Juvenile Offenders The juvenile justice system is broken in the United States but Louisiana, among many other states, is focusing their efforts into treatment over the incarceration of juvenile offenders According to the New York Times (2015), Louisiana has become a juvenile justice reform leader. State and local leaders have been working hard to make dramatic improvementsRead MoreLauren Touchet. Cjus301. 17 February 2017. Research Paper/Lit1325 Words   |  6 Pagessentencing began in the mid-1980s, the United States prison system has seen a dramatic upswing in incarceration rates (Glaze Maruschak, 2008, p. 1). â€Å"The United States’ increasingly punitive sentencing philosophy has resulted in an overreliance on incarceration, resulting in an incarcerated population that has soared from approximately 340,000 in the early 1970s to nearly 2.3 million today† (Raeder, 2012). â€Å"Parents held in the nation’s prisons—52% of state inmates and 63% of federal inmates—re portedRead MoreEssay on A Different Type of Special Needs1185 Words   |  5 Pagesbecome a last-resort caregiver and we are left to deal with the many concerns society has chosen to ignore, shifting responsibility to the government - in this case, corrections† (Gondles, 2000). Universal health care is a not an attribute of the United States. While health care plans are widely allotted by employers and various private organizations, not everyone has access to these privileges. Obviously, if these uninsured individuals have health issues while in society, their issues will not disappearRead MoreCanada Should Focus More on Rehabilitation and Less on Retribution 3217 Words   |  13 Pagescarry out their sentences. The main goals of sentencing include deterrence, safety of the public, retribution, rehabilitation, punishment and respect for the law (Government of Canada, 2013). However, the type of justice system in place within a state or country greatly influences the aim s and mandates of prisons and in turn targets different aspects of sentencing goals. Justice systems commonly focus on either rehabilitative or retributive measures. Canada is a country where rehabilitation hasRead MoreThe High Incarceration Rate Of Juveniles1748 Words   |  7 PagesThe high incarceration rate of juveniles is a significant social problem that affects society as a whole as well as the youth’s individual welfare and developmental trajectory. Adolescents who are incarcerated in the juvenile justice system face a multitude of negative lifelong implications. The history of incarcerating youth in residential facilities such as juvenile halls, camps, ranches or group homes as a consequence for committing crimes has a deep-rooted history in the United States. â€Å"For moreRead MoreHistory of Punishment2331 Words   |  10 Pagesto be imposed to offenders. †¢ The Draconian Code was developed in classical Greece in the seventh century B.C.E. This code described legal procedures and punishments for offenders, such as stoning to death or public abuse while dying. †¢ During the Roman Empire, Emperor Justinian in 534 C.E. compiled a code, which would constitute the basis for all modern European law. In Rome, offenders were usually tortured, served as slaves or in the imperial galleys. †¢ In most of Europe, forms

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Contemporary Issues In Hotel Industry Chen

Question: Describe about contemporary issues in the hotel industry? Answer: 1. Introduction Chen (2014) presumed that hotel industry is one of the most fastest growth and dynamic corporate sectors in all part of the world. In accordance to Gibson (2012), hotel industry holds the employment generation, alleviation as well as the growth rate of economic of the majority of population throughout the world. On the other hand, Jones, Hillier Comfort (2014) argued that though the hotel industry is one of the most popular and famous sector in terms fastest growing, from the point of view of international market share hotel industry is developing in very low consequence rate. The hotel industry in New Zealand estimated only 1.5% market share in the global hotel industry. For the New Zealand, the hotel industry holds the potential economy that creates a strong linkage for other sectors. N. McCool (2012) stated that f the hotel industry developed properly within the particular region, it can be a ray of hope for neglecting the society segmentation and people in the backward areas. Ho wever, it has been identified that, development of hospitality industry within the country, considers the huge rang of potential regarding natural environment. This particular study aims to identify the contemporary issues of hotel industry with clear aspects and explanation of those issues from the point of view of core management areas and its impact on the hotel industry as a whole. Apart from that, this assignment also provides the management process of issues in hotel industry that identified. 2. Identification of Contemporary Issues in Hotel Industry Since earlier, hotel industry faces several issues such as sustainable development that especially calls the green hotel, labor costs challenges, multi cultural issues, higher education of employees, etc. However, the current challenges that faced by the hotel industry globally are Minimum Wage, Brand Reauthorization, hidden fees, frothy pricing, franchisor at joint employers, guest profiling, social media, etc (Xiao, 2012). Figure 1: Contemporary issues in hotel industry (Source: Dedeoaylu Demirer, 2015, pp- 133) However, following are the three main contemporary issues that discuses in this assignment in hotel industry Issue 1: Minimum Wage Karatepe Zargar Tizabi (2011) argued that minimum wage is one of the most recent challenges that faced by the hotel industry throughout the world. The union or the organization of labor is targeting to attack the hotel industry. According to Huang Sun (2014), target of hotel industry by the organized labor is call living wage. Recently it has been identified that labor union target the hotel industry that badly affect their business and sometimes owner of the hotel forcedly close business. In the hotel industry, employee work for hourly basis. Therefore, the employer of the hotel industry must to pay no less then minimum wages to the employee. However, minimum wage rules and regulation set by the government of respected country. As a result, continuous changes government creates different federal system regarding minimum wage. Therefore, periodically changes on minimum wage generally increase the pricing level of the hotel industry as well as also increase the cost of living. It has been majorly seen that employees are striking for high wages as well as health care. For example, the employees of Hilton Hotel in the region of UK demanded for $10 per hour. After five years, it increased and considered $12.50 per hour. According to Davis et al. (2013), that organize labor is one of the most affecting factor in hotel industry from the point of view of minimum wage. It decreases the opportunity to increase the business in future in the hotel industry. According to the review report of Baloglu (2010), approximately 20% of workforce of hotel industry is falling into the category of minimum wage regarding challenges or issues in hotel industry. Apart from that, Chen (2013) cited vast majority moves into the higher position within one year. Therefore, it is also an aspect of minimum wage that faced challenges to the hotel industry globally. Issue 2: Demanding Customers The population of the world increases day by day. Therefore, huge generation shifts takes place the community of guest in these days of hotel industry. Anderson (2012) argued that baby boomers were retired and their successors created the new exactions from hotel industry. According to the market review report or market sharing report of hotel industry, more than 73% Gen Y guest leave the hotel due to poor experience. Apart from that, more than 85% of Gen Y guest tells that employees are not able to serve according to their need and demand either online or physically or both. On the other hand, delighted guest on hotel industry spend more than 50% in the ancillary revenue in term of getting satisfactory service from the employees of hotel industry. Furthermore, Dedeoaylu Demirer (2015) acknowledge that there are more than 82% guests who demanding for poor service or they are unhappy with the service of hotel industry. Those guests never show their willingness to spend more or revisits to the hotel next time. Egger Buhalis (2011) depicted that customer in these days are more demanding due to high increase of firm in hotel industry or increase of expectations from the employees in hotel industry. Issue 3: Social Media Not only the hotel industry but also the corporate sector, social media brings the forefront of revolution in terms of engaging customers with the service. In case of hotel industry, social media brings the wide revolution to engage customer via online, through social media network such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, WhatsApp, etc organization in hotel industry provides information about their facilities to customer along with the current offering scheme or discounts (, 2015). In order to reach to the customers as well as attract them, each hotelier along with their marketing teams paid more time in social media. However, the hotel industry faced several threats from the social media such as online criticism like hacking information about customer along with bank details, negative reviews, fraud booking, etc that decrease business in the real world. According to the blog USA blog report in 2012, majority of customer believes 3 time more in booking hotels for fooding and lodging instead of meeting face to face. However, social media marketing is challenge to the hotel industry, but if the organization in hospitality sector properly maintains the fortune, it can be the great aspects of engaging customer towards the hotel industry with least approach. Social media is the most largest platforms in these days of digital world (Fe Causin, Ayoun Moreo, 2011). 3. Explanation of the Identified Issues 3.1 Minimum Wage Minimum wage in the hotel industry increased overtime. Following are the table that displays the increase rate history of federal minimum was under the act of Fair labor Standard act 1938 to 2010. Year Minimum Wage 1938 $0.25 1968 $1.60 1979 $3.10 1981 $3.35 1991 $4.25 1997 $5.15 2007 $5.85 2009 $7.25 2010 $10.10 2014 $12.50 Due to increase rate of minimum wage rate in the hotel industry throughout the world, organization in hotel industry faces various challenges within their workplace such as living cost, revenue cost, etc. However, during the time of world recession in 2008, each country in the world faces wide range of issues. Therefore, the hotel industry in each country still not able to came out from the recession issues. Therefore, increase of minimum was rate make the marketers in hotel industry to put more money into the pocket of employees. However, in order to make profit after putting more money into the pocket of employees, hotel industry increases their products and service rate (, 2015). Increase of labor cost is also a key aspect of increasing products and service rate. As a result, people do not show interest in taking service from hotel industry. On the other hand, customer who takes the service from hotel industry with higher costs demand more facilities as well as expect quality service from the hoteliers. Jung Choi Tae Kim (2012) argued that people cut back their plan for spending time on hotels during vacations or any special occasion due to increase rate of products and service within hotel industry. It creates great impact on the business of hotel industry. Lo (2013) stated that there is not any specific reason of clear idea of increasing the price of labor costs. According to Luo, Yang Law (2014), small increase in labor costs may not affect most in the business process of hotel industry. However, high increase of labor cost substantially affect on the hotel industry because die to high increase of price people do not make any plan for vacations or buying extra products during vacations that are not essential. Customers are the key of success in hotel industry. Increase rate of customer base displayed the success of hotel industry. Increase price in hotel industry leads the lower demand from customer regarding services and products. In respect to this way, the need of employees in hotel industry also becomes low. As a result, increase rate of unemployment is growth vastly in hotel industry (, 2015). In order to make difference, the organization in hotel industry has to compensate with the employees or entire staffs including management, waiter, cleaners, cooking, management, etc. Due to federal minimum wage and regular modification in the prices creates several issues they were very much controversy in respect to the business of hotel industry (Assaf Magnini, 2012). Apart from that, plenty of conflict data were subjected in the hotel industry due to regular change of minimum wage by the government. Affecting Factor Impact Result ($) Lower Demand Reduced revenue of annual guest room $612300000 Lower Profitability Corporate tax paid also lower $146200000 Lower Demand Lower guests room occupying resulting for suppliers in less money spent $145600000 Lower Demand Lower taxes collected from the hotel industry occupancy $70400000 Lower Demand Reduced revenue in food and beverage $214300000 Lower Demand Loss of jobs in housekeeping and full time employees $320200000 Figure 2: Impact of extreme increase minimum wage in hotel industry (Source: Jones, Hillier Comfort, 2014, pp- 16) Prayag Hosany (2013) explained that extreme increase of minimum wage rate decreases the value as well as property of hotel industry and slow down the process of development or construction of hotel in local areas. Apart from that, extreme increase of minimum wage has been linked potentially with the value of hotel industry. Die to increase of minimum wage, impact on the overall business process of hotel industry such as low profit margin, new construction of hotels, market value, sold the products with lower prices, stunning the local economies, etc (Fakhraddin Maroofi, 2012). Moreover, increase of extreme minimum wage rate the hotel industry business model produces construction workers, guest room amenity suppliers, lower returns on investment, laundry companies, hotel workers, etc that hurtled as a trickle down affect on overall hotel industry. 3.2 Demanding Customers In the hotel industry, the expectations and demands of consumers are increased day to day. The business climate for the hoteliers with the customers become tightens. It also affect in the stepping up the business as well as boosts up the sales or promotions. In the hotel industry, it is often seen that staffs or the management frazzled and busy in attending the customer and meeting their bargaining demand (Jung-Hui Liang, 2012). Therefore, hoteliers have to work hard in terms of upholding the quality of service with reasonable price as well as to protect the failure in service. Customers are the key of success in hotel industry. Figure 3: Quality of guest experience impacts on hotel industry (Source: Jung Choi Tae Kim, 2012, pp- 1023) Therefore, many organizations set their process that customers is the right within their workplace. It is the core approach in these days of business especially in the hotel industry. As a result, hoteliers have to pay more attention in the regular changing demand of their customers in terms of retaining the customers. However, the human nature and experience displayed that it is not fair. According to Walker (2012), management of the hotel industry has to take responsibility in handling. Due to lack of knowledge, skills and experience of management, hotel industry in these days faces several issues for the demanding customers. Due to increase rate of product and service, hoteliers was not able to provide training to their staffs and they faces lots of complexities in handling demanding customers. Moreover, it has been also identified that demanding customers outraged the business process of hotel industry. Following table demonstrated the impact of demanding customers in hotel industry Factors Descriptions Heightened Expectations Expectation of demanding customers in hotels industry is for the quality and velocity services in anytime, anywhere as well as in any locations. However, due to high labor costs, hoteliers were not able to employ more employees that fulfill the demand of customers. Therefore, demanding customers affect more in business process of hotel industry as a whole. Yearning Majority of customer demands for offering or special discounting or rewarding from the hoteliers when they are coming back to the hotel. The trend of reward is increased highly in the current business of hotel industry. Therefore, due to high price manufacturing costs and high suppliers demand along with labor costs, hoteliers was unable to provide rewards to demanding customers that decrease the customer loyalty (V. Tesone, 2013). Thus, it affect on the hotel industry as a whole. Technology In these days of customers in hotel industry demand for electronic gadgets in the hotel room such as Wi-Fi facility, cable TV service, free phone calls, etc is for purchasing order, tech toys in the guest room, experience of property etc. If the hotel industry does not able to provide electronic gadget to customers, they fails to satisfy them. Customer also never returns on that hotel. Thus, hotel industry decreases their customer base. 3.3 Social Media In these days of digital world, usage of internet becomes most popular. In hotel industry, social media networking also has an potential impact retarding providing information throughout the network in less time. However, majority of hoteliers involve or include social media network within their business in order to engage more customers via providing entire information along with products and price to customers. Through online, organization in hotel industry share sensitive information such as hotel booking via their own portal, allows customer for bargain for prices, connect other customers and shows their review report, etc. The main issues that faced by the hotel industry from social media is faith and market value. Social media network leads unfair negativity, undue criticism and inaccurate information of customers when the guests are loyal and satisfied. However, in these days of cybercrime world, majority of people get a stance before input the information in a anonymous site that is the competitive edge for the hotel industry. According to Quek (2012), issues that mainly faced by the organization in hotel industry that previous property of the guests stay on top. Therefore, due to lack of work force, hotel industry was not able to update the information of previous guest dedicatedly. However, Shaw (2012) argue that hoteliers invest more money as well as time in implementing social media but unable to gain nothing at the end of the day. Furthermore, Parte-Esteban Alberca-Oliver (2013) suggested that customers can engaged with the hotel industry easily through continuous communication. It is most effective method of engaging customer for the small organization in hotel industry, however the big companies faces lot of issues regarding safety and fixed strategy. Apart from that, there are several other issues that faced by the experts in hotel industry in social media networking. Osman, Hemmington Bowie (2009) assumed that participation is one of the most critical issue in hotel industry regarding social media because the nature of social media is dynamic. In order to take information of customer, experts in hotel industry has to take review of comments of customers that is too much time consuming. Therefore, knowledge, skills and training of staff is another two critical issues. In hotel industry, majority of staffs may know to use the social media network for personal use but do not know to use social media network from the point of view of business. They must to be trained before launching companys own page in social media network. Apart from that, security is also another major issue in social media network in hotel industry. This may affect in the core business process of hotel industry. Security issues not only decrease customer base for hoteliers in corporate sector but also closed the business in hotel industry. 4. Management of identified issues in Hotel Industry 4.1 Management of Minimum Wage Issues in hotel industry In order to manage the minimum wage issues in hotel industry, hoteliers have to involve the following technique Time and Motion Technique Management or the supervisor of individual group within the workplace of hotel industry has to look closely of the employees performance. O'Neill (2012) argued that close monitoring helps in identifying the accuracy of work force of the employees. It increase workforce of the organization and hoteliers are able to provide better service to their customers. Apart from that, spot opportunities will be more efficient in balancing the minimum wage issues in hotel industry. Minimum wage set by the government of the country. Therefore, Hotel Industry was unable to change the minimum wage are for employees. Figure 4: Time and motion schedule for minimum wage management in hotel industry (Source: Osman, Hemmington Bowie, 2009, pp- 246) However, if they provide spot opportunities to employees like extra pay for extra work will be efficient method. Moreover, management of the hotels has to play the major responsibility in managing minimum wage in hotel industry. Management has to provide guidance in order to make a change in the work process as well as scheduling of work of the labor. Furthermore, higher as well as lower level management has to take review about the production of individuals and compare it with the expected results. If the process successfully works, then need to repeat and rinse. Involve automatic process instead of manual: As the minimum wage rate increase extremely and day to day, hoteliers has to involve the automatic process that need less man force such as check in facilities. It has been seen that in hotel industry manpower is very much required for serving customers such as taking order, serve purchased order, check the document and other aspect before entering to hotels, etc. In hotel industry need to involve automatic check in system that is automatically checking the aspects including document of coming customer in less time. It not only save the manpower but also satisfy the customer because this process take less time to check. Apart from that, intra land connection has to include within the hotel campus. For order customer make phone calls and make their order. In kitchen room, need to involve latest technology such as chimney, induction instead of using gas. Induction cooking mechanism allows the cooker in making dinner or lunch 5 time faster ra ther than gas oven. 4.2 Management of Demanding Customers Issues in hotel industry Customers are the key of success in hotel industry. Therefore, hoteliers have to adopt several techniques in order to handle the demanding customers such as Allow customer to speak: Management or staffs of the hotels has to take patient when the customer complaining. Management has not to take any effort to interrupt the complaining customers because the customer already unhappy with the service and interruption may cause the higher anger. Management have to provide time in listening the complain of customer or unhappiness with the service of hotels. After complain management or staffs have to ask some open ended question in order to clarify the issues. This process may allows the management in handling the demanding customer in a smooth way. Respect the guest: Within the hotel industry, staffs or employees have to shows respect towards customers and provide value as well as feel special. This may helps in satisfying the customers throughout al department of the entire hotels. Apart from that, management or staff of hotel has to meet the requirement of customers when they show their respect. It helps in leading the satisfaction of the customers. Handle the customers smoothly: Management have to show their politeness towards the customer when they deal with them face to face or over phone calls. Apart from that, they have to provide full effort in understanding exact demand of customers like understand what they exactly demand, note down properly about their purchase, etc. Responsibility towards resolving customer problem: Management as well as the employees of the organization in hotel industry has to take as much as possible in order to understand the problems of customers. Management of the hotels has to understand that customers comes to them with a expectation and it is their responsibility to fulfill the expectations. Apart from that, management has to avoid the nature of transferring problems to other. They have to show their effort to customer in order to solve the problems. Management or staffs if received any complain from the demanding customers have to try for resolving the issues own. However, when the customer says about the dissatisfaction, never cut the call or transfer it to the voicemail box. Because it make more irritate to customers. Ask customer to suggest an appropriate solution: It will be the key technique to handle demanding customers. Okumus et al. (2014) cited that asking for appropriate solution of raise problems to demanding customer can helps in defusing the situation. However, if the solution is reasonable, management of hotels has to take immediate action on that act. On the other hand, if customer provides unreasonable actions it is duty of managers to describe in details why hotels do not apply the actions. Tajeddini (2009) suggested that, management have to apologized first in order to resolve the problems. Follow up the problems: In hotel industry, it is important to follow up the solution when one problem is resolved. Management has to take total responsibility to take review about the customer satisfaction after resolving the issues. Thus, hoteliers are able to know the problems is actually mitigate. Tisdell (2013) described that follow up can help in building customer loyalty and motivate them in revisit to the hotels. 4.3 Management of Social Media Issue in Hotel Industry As customer is important for business growth or achieves higher profit in hotel industry, social media technology is one of the most effective and efficient way in increasing customer as well as increasing brand awareness. If the social media executes well for business it will create solid community for the organization in hotel industry. Thus helps in growing business and enjoying success. However, social media create several problems in hotel industry. Following techniques have to adopt by the hoteliers in order to solve the social media problems Understand properly the social media for business: Hotels have to organize training for the staffs in order to use the social media for business purpose. In-depth knowledge on social media helps in making solid plan in hotel industry. Employee has to remember in not only provide service but also have to take the conversation. In order to present actively in social media, hoteliers have to provide regular updates with images or videos about their hotels, details of hotels facilities, etc. Apart from that, in order to make long-term strategic plan for promoting hotels in social media network, hoteliers have to get traffic immediately. Moreover, they have to be closer with the convert visitors and audiences. Consistence contribution to the Social Media Network: In hotel industry, it has en often seen the risk of losing visitors as well as the potential customers. Therefore, hoteliers have to make sure that they schedule properly with a very specific social media marketing. In order to make sure the social media marketing scheduling, hotels have to hire technical staff for that particular field. In order to post and regular updates of the hotels, need to hire content writers as well as curator. Face to face relationship with customers: Majority of hotels only track the information of the customers via chat. They ever encourage the people in face-to-face interview in terms of providing information or answer them about their dissatisfaction. Several social media networks allow video calling facilities to user. Management or the responsible person of hotels has to encourage customers for face-to-face conversation through video calling. This process will help in satisfying the audience and also helps in tracking information and dissatisfaction including the emotion of customers. Moreover, video calling conversation also allows the hotels in avoiding fraud case. Moreover, hoteliers have to collect feedback as well as personal information of visitors or the customers through social media. It will help the hotels in building strong and trustworthy relationship between the hotels and customers. Yu Yeh (2013) suggested that personalization is also important or crucial in terms of su ccess in social media marketing in hotel industry. 5. Explanation of conclusion This particular study concludes the contemporary issues that faced by the hotel industry in these modern days. Several issues are identified that arise in the hotels industry. However, this study specifically describes the three main issues that recently identified in the hotel industry throughout the world. The most recent issues that faced by the hoteliers in hospitality sector is minimum wage. Rapid changing rules regarding minimum wage for the employees make several issues for hotel industry such as increase the products rate, decrease customer base and loyalty, etc. Therefore, analysts describes that minimum wage is not able to change because the rule of minimum wage set by the government. In order to handle minimum wage issue in hotel industry need to involve the method of time and motion. It helps in close monitoring of employees performance as well as spot fixing the with clear specification. It increase work force for hotels and helps in making more profit as well as build r elationship with the customer. The other issue that identified in this study is demanding customers. Due to increase of products and service prices, expectation of customers also increases high. Customers in hotel industry are now become more deadening. However, analyst described the solution of handling demanding customers in a specific way. 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